The horse needs to be sound with no discernible physical ailments. It should be well-balanced and athletic with a good head and a positive outlook. The horse should walk with purpose, have good feet and correct limbs. One can also assess whether an animal has a good temperament from its general demeanour within the sales grounds.
It is also very important to know where the horse has been reared since some farms/consignors historically produce more winners than others.
The horse will need to undergo a thorough veterinary examination to assess its heart, eyes, limbs and joints. The vet will also assess any x-rays if they are available. Yearlings, two year-olds and horses in training are subject to a wind test post-sale to verify that they do not suffer from any breathing problems.